What is a Sabbath?

Why do we believe Jesus died on Friday?  Tradition and the Sabbath was approaching. 


Is tradition alone sufficient reason to believe and what does Jesus have to say about man's traditions?

(Mat 15:6) .... And by this you invalidated the word of God for the sake of your tradition.

There are 7 Festivals,in Hebrew known as mow'eds (appointed times), found in Leviticus 23.


(Lev 23:4) 'These are the appointed times of the LORD, holy convocations which you shall proclaim at the times appointed for them. NASB


These festivals are also known as holy convocations.  In Hebrew ,(Miqras), the word for convocation, means rehearsals.  Scripture states these are the Lord's appointed times , holy rehearsals.  What is being rehearsed and appointment for the Lord to do what?


Jesus is fulfilling these festivals perfectly.  This is God's blue print, God's master plan for the redemption of mankind put down in scripture for all to see.  Jesus fulfilled the first 4 in an exact order with his first coming



Spring Festivals: Passover, Festival of Unleavened Bread, First Fruits, Pentecost


Fall Festivals: Day of Trumpets, Day of Atonement, Festival of Booths.




There are high Sabbaths that occur during these Jewish Festivals



Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur)

(Lev 23:32) "It is to be a complete rest to you, and you shall humble your souls; on the ninth of the month at evening, from evening until evening you shall keep your Sabbath


Lev 16:31) "It is to be a Sabbath of solemn rest for you, that you may humble your souls; it is a permanent statute. NASB


Day of Trumpets( Rosh HaShana)

 (Lev 23:24) Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, In the seventh month, in the first day of the month, shall ye have a Sabbath a memorial of blowing of trumpets, an holy convocation.  KJV


Feast of Tabernacles/Booths

(Lev 23:39) Also in the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when ye have gathered in the fruit of the land, ye shall keep a feast unto the LORD seven days: on the first day shall be a Sabbath and on the eighth day shall be a Sabbath KJV


 First day of the Festival of Unleavened Bread (Nisan 15) is a day of rest or Sabbath .


(Lev 23:6) 'Then on the fifteenth day of the same month there is the Feast of Unleavened Bread to the LORD; for seven days you shall eat unleavened bread.

(Lev 23:7) 'On the first day you shall have a holy convocation; you shall not do any laborious work.

(Lev 23:8) 'But for seven days you shall present an offering by fire to the LORD. On the seventh day is a holy convocation; you shall not do any laborious work.'" NASB



Our traditions have us to believe that Jesus died on Friday afternoon with the Friday evening Sabbath approaching.  However,  how does Jesus fulfill the Sign of Jonah of three days and three nights in the grave.  Friday afternoon to Sunday morning is 2 days and 2 nights not 3 days and 3 nights


It was the Sabbath of the First day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread that was approaching, the 15th of Nisan.  Jesus died on the 14th of Nisan with the Passover lambs on Preparation day for the Passover just as Scripture states.


(Exo 12:5) 'Your lamb shall be an unblemished male a year old; you may take it from the sheep or from the goats.

(Exo 12:6) 'You shall keep it until the fourteenth day of the same month, then the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel is to kill it at twilight. NASB